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10個當下最難填補的就業缺口

Jeremy Quittner 2017年09月11日

很多高薪職位空缺,其中信息技術和醫療是勞動力的中堅力量。

數據科學家的平均年薪為12.8萬美元。財務顧問的工資是8.9萬美元。注冊護士的年收入為6.8萬美元。盡管這些崗位的薪水都在平均水準之上,但符合要求的人數卻還不夠。

這是求職門戶網站CareerCast上上周四年度報告里發布的數據。該網站利用美國勞工統計局的數據和相關的行業資源,追蹤了200種工作并找出了人員需求量最高的十大領域。

在2017年的報告中,卡車司機和信息安全分析師取代了營銷經理和電氣工程師,占據了前十的位置。它們如今加入了家庭健康護理、理療師和軟件工程師的行列,后幾個崗位對人員的需求,在未來七年內預計會有兩位數的增長。

Data scientists earn $128,000 as a median salary. Financial advisors make $89,000. Registered nurses bring in about $68,000. While these are above-average salaries, there aren’t enough workers to meet demand for these jobs.

That’s according to an annual report released Thursday by job search portal CareerCast. Using recent data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and related industry sources, CareerCast tracks 200 jobs and pulls out the 10 most in-demand fields.

In its 2017 report, trucker and information security analyst displaced marketing managers and electrical engineers in the top 10 list. They now join home health aides, physical therapists, and software engineers, where demand for workers is expected to grow in the double digits over the next seven years.

職業

平均年薪

增長前景

數據科學家

128,240美元

16%

財務顧問

89,160美元

30%

總經理/營運經理

97,730美元

7%

家庭健康護理

21,920美元

38%

信息安全分析師

90,120美元

18%

醫療服務經理

94,500美元

17%

理療師

84,020美元

34%

注冊護士

67,490美元

16%

軟件工程師

100,690美元

17%

卡車司機

40,260美元

5%

?

?

那么為何存在供需差異?Career Cast的在線內容編輯凱爾·肯辛表示,本質上說,就是擁有資質的員工不足,難以滿足技術要求較高的崗位。例如,數據科學家和信息安全分析師都是新職業,學院和大學沒有培養足夠擁有必要技能的畢業生。與之類似,嬰兒潮一代是除千禧一代外最大的一批人群,隨著他們開始衰老,醫療需求日益增長,家庭健康護理和注冊護士所在的領域也前所未有地蓬勃發展起來。根據Careercast的數據,護理行業有著所有領域中最大的缺口,到2024年可能額外需要44萬從業者加入。

相比之下,卡車運輸不需要從業者接受高等教育,卻由于金融危機給交通運輸帶來的打擊揮之不去而受到影響。肯辛表示,該領域的從業者紛紛另謀高就,導致經濟好轉后出現人員缺口。他說,未來七年內,這一行業還需要10萬人。

我們可以預計,上述許多趨勢還將延續下去。

肯辛稱:“信息技術和醫療是勞動力的中堅力量。”(財富中文網)

譯者:嚴匡正

So why the gap between supply and demand? Essentially there aren’t enough qualified workers for the more skilled professions, says Kyle Kensing, online content editor for Career C ast. For example, even though data scientist and information security analyst are essentially new professions, colleges and universities aren’t churning out enough graduates with the necessary skills to keep pace with openings, he says. Similarly, home health aides and registered nurses are in an ever-expanding field because the Baby Boom generation, the largest after millennials, is moving into old age and has growing health care needs. Nursing for example has the single most openings of all careers, and is expected to need an additional 440,000 workers by 2024, according to Careercast.

By contrast, trucking, which does not require an advanced education, is suffering from the lingering effects of the financial crisis, when the transportation industry took a hit. According to Kensing, people in the field left for other types of work, leaving a worker gap as the economy improved. The industry will need an additional 100,000 workers in the next seven years, he says.

And we can expect a continuation of many of these trends going forward.

“IT and healthcare will be the backbones of the workforce,” Kensing says.

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